Internally Coupled Ears (ICE): the cool part of sound localization
Prof. Leo van Hemmen (Physik-Department, Technische Universität München)
Internally coupled ears, for short ICE, provide a powerful means of enhancing (in a direction-dependent fashion) the input difference between left and right ear due to an external sound source. ICE occurs in many animal groups, such as frogs, lizards, birds, and crocodilia. Two factors play a key role. First, the physical geometry of the air-filled cavity connecting the two ear drums. Second, the fundamental frequency and hence the elastic properties of the tympana connecting the outside auditory world with the air-filled interior connection. They determine how ICE and hence auditory processing work.