New Detectors for Positron Annihilation Spectroscopy
Prof. Günther Dollinger (Universität der Bundeswehr, München)
The positron is the ideal probe for non-destructive detection and characterization of atomistic defects in solids. Analysis of the positron lifetime and energy and angular distribution of the annihilation radiation annihilation yields information about type and concentration of vacancies, vacancy-clusters, dislocations, grain boundaries, surfaces, voids and precipitates and the chemical environment of the defects.
We operate the pulsed low energy positron system PLEPS at the high-intensity positron source NEPOMUC at the FRM II as a tool for depth-resolved positron lifetime measurements. To enhance the defect characterization sensitivity of PLEPS we develop a new detector system to measure simultaneously the entire 3D-momentum distribution of the annihilating electron and the corresponding lifetime of the positron (4D-AMOC):
- For the time and spatially resolving detector we develop an MCP-based UV-light detector with two MCP-stages coupled to a BaF2 scintillator. As an alternative to the MCP-based detector, silicon photomultipliers are also
envisaged and tested.
- For the energy and spatially resolving detector it is planned to measure the energy along with the angular deviation of the annihilation radiation by means of a 36-fold pixelated planar germanium detector. A lateral position
resolution of 1.1mm was obtained for a 48 x 8 mm2 size detector with high energy resolution.